Monday, March 11, 2019
A monastic order is a complex unit, made up of interrelated part. All these separate form the accessible musical arrangement of the conjunction and each sub unit has to bring about its given task. Social structures are stressed and placed at the spirit of analysis and social characters are deduced from these structures. This perspective looks at how the various parts of the lodge come together and perform their separate tasks interdependently and interrelated to progress social stability and order and in turn the smooth cognitive operation of the society.Structural functionalism is a framework for building theory that sees society as a complex system whose parts work together to further solidarity and stability. This approach looks at society through a macro-level orientation, which is a bounteous focus on the social structures that shape society as a whole, and intends that society has evolved like organisms. This approach looks at both social structure and social fu nctions. Functionalism addresses society as a whole in term of the function of its constituent elements namely norms, customs, traditions, and institutions.As a morphological theory, Functionalism sees social structure or the organisation of society as more crucial than individual. Functionalism is a top down theory. Individuals are born into society and perform products of all the social influences around them as they are socialised by various institutions much(prenominal) as the family, education, media and religion. Functionalism sees society as a system a set of interconnected parts which together form a whole. There is a relationship between all these parts and agents of culture and together they all offer to the maintenance of society as a whole.Structural functionalism concentrates on the positive and negative functions of social structures. Societal functionalism is a particular type of morphologic functionalism that aims to explain the role of social structures and institutions in society, the relationship between these structures, and the manner in which these structures constrain the actions of individuals. According to structural functionalists, individuals have little to no statement over the ways in which particular structures operate. Indeed, structural functionalists understand individuals in terms of social positions.It is non individuals who are ranked, but positions that are ranked according to the degree to which they contribute to the survival of society. High-ranking positions offer high rewards that make them worth an individuals time and effort to occupy. The structural functionalist perspective also takes into musical score the concept of value consensus. Functionalists believe that society is held together by this consensus, or cohesion, in which members of the society agree upon, and work together to achieve, what is best for society as a whole.They share the same ideas, beliefs and morals which bind them together. Functio nalists believe that without such collective shared set and beliefs, achieving social order is hopeless and social order is crucial for the well-being of society. They believe that value consensus forms the sanctioned integrating principle in society. And if members of society have shared values they accordingly also have similar identities, this helps cooperation and avoids competitiveness. Value consensus also ensures that mickle have shared Goals, Roles and Norms.Any social system has four underlying functional prerequisites * adaptation * goal increase * integration and * Pattern maintenance. The function of any part of the social system is understood as its region to meeting the functional prerequisites. Adaptation refers to the relationship between the system and its environment. In order to survive, social systems must have some degree of control over their environment. Food and shelter must be provided to meet the somatogenetic needs of members. The economy is the institution primarily concerned with this function.Goal attainment refers to the need for all societies to set goals towards which social activity is directed. Procedures for establishing goals and deciding on priorities between goals are institutionalized in the form of political systems. Governments not only set goals but also allocate resources to achieve them. take down in a so-called free enterprise system, the economy is adjust and directed by laws passed by governments. Integration refers primarily to the adjustment of conflict. It is concerned with the coordination and mutual adjustment of the parts of the social ystem. Legal norms square off and standardize relations between individuals and between institutions, and so reduce the electromotive force for conflict. When conflict does arise, it is settled by the judicial system and does not therefore lead to the disintegration of the social system. Pattern maintenance refers to the maintenance of the radical pattern of v alues, institutionalized in the society. Institutions that perform this function involve the family, the educational system and religion. No theory has been there without any criticism.The structural functionalist perspective also has been criticized on the grounds that it neglects the negative functions of an event such as divorce. The perspective justifies the status quo and complacency on the part of societys members. Functionalism does not encourage people to take an sprightly role in ever-changing their social environment, even when such change may benefit them. Functionalism sees active social change as undesirable because the various parts of society will compensate naturally for any problems that may arise.