Tuesday, March 26, 2019
Critiquing and Repairing Free Trade under NAFTA :: Global Political Politics Essays
Critiquing and Repairing Free cover under NAFTA On January 1, 1994, the North Ameri fundament Free Trade musical arrangement (NAFTA), the large-minded hand policy linking the economies of Canada, the United States, and Mexico was offici all(prenominal)y implemented. Over the preceding(a) cristal, the policy has evoked a firestorm of controversy involving neoliberal advocates, mercantilist critics, and radical critics, all of whom analyze and critique NAFTA in an effort to determine the success of free trade. Since NAFTA policies are evaluated by political economists with differing ideologies, the success of NAFTAs first decade remains in question. After a decade, which economists herald NAFTA as a success and who disregards it as a failure? Which set of economic and political standards should be used to evaluate free trade? And ultimately, what policies should be implemeted in NAFTAs second decade? Since there is little agreement on the forthcoming of NAFTA, it is wise to look to the past if we are to determine where the future may lead. By understanding the conflicting arguments inherent in debate on free trade, indeed perhaps we can better draw priorities and suggestions for policy reform in NAFTAs second decade. Essentially, all disagreements in political economics stem from three theoretical perspectives neoliberalsim, mercantilism, and radicalism. The three theories underline divergent characteristics associated with economic vitality neoliberals emphasize market efficiency, mercantilists defend recount sovereignty, and radicals value social justice. History has taught us that these theories regularly contradict all(prenominal) other and ultimately result in policy conflicts evidenced by countless case studies. Free trade and economic maturement is a pressing concern for political economists, suggesting that little common ground can be found among the three theories. The first of the three political parsimoniousness scholars ar e neoliberals, who reject government intervention in the economy by means of protectionist policies such as tariffs, subsidies, and quotas rather, their focus is on overall economic growth as evidenced by increases in gross domestic product. liberal advocates expected NAFTA to produce an increase in exports of goods and services, create additional jobs, amplify foreign investment, and spur overall economic growth. These four expectations of free trade policy serve as a means of evaluation for neoliberals. neoliberal standards of success are easy to understand if NAFTA has produced more goods, jobs, investment, and overall profits, then NAFTA should be heralded as a success.