Thursday, May 30, 2019
Zen Buddhism Essay -- essays research papers
Chan and Zen BuddhismThroughout the early years in some(prenominal) an(prenominal) East Asian countries, thither were many population who were looking for answers to this worlds, and otherworldly, questions. When Gotama became enlightened, and began preaching the practices of Buddhism, it came at such a time when the Han dynasty was collapsing, citizens were tired of Confucianism and looking for a new ideology that they could put there hearts and souls into. Over the years, Buddhism prove to be lots more than just a religion it became a way of life. But over time, the powerful orthodoxy transformed, and many different Buddhist sects emerged. One of the more popular sects, Chan, or Zen, Buddhism, has become one of the most influential religions in China and Japan, and is still flourishing today.In the year 220 AD, as the Han dynasty was collapsing, Confucianism, then the state ideology, began to lose its popularity. This, along with the demise of the Han order, set up a situation in which the people of China were thirsty(p) for new ideas. There were also many dignitaries within the Chinese government that were looking to gain good political footing in order to encounter staying power. These factors all opened up the gate for Buddhism to enter Chinese society and gain popularity with the Chinese culture. At first, Buddhism was transmitted to the different East Asian countries via the Silk Road, nevertheless as its domination grew, many people began to interpret their own meaning of the Buddhist doctrines that had been translated from Indian to Chinese. By the fourth century AD a much greater number of sutras were available in both north and south China, and the Chinese were beginning to realize the immensity of Buddhist literature. Buddhism did not reach Japan, however, until October 13th, 538, from the Korean kingdom of Paekche. At this point in time, there were two major schools of Buddhism in China. The first form to emerge was known as Hinayana, or Th eravada Buddhism. This in general translated means, The Lesser Vehicle. Theravada Buddhism was mainly concerned with reaching individual enlightenment how one could rise above the cycle of samsara and reach nirvana. Mahayana Buddhism, or, The Great Vehicle, became the popular form practiced in most of China, Japan and Korea. The followers of Mahayana believed that the entire world could reach salvation, and that those who f... ... other religions. Many of the new centers are combinations of Soto and Rinzai from Japan, Chan from China, and Son from Korea. It is still too in brief to tell if these new factions throughout our country and Europe will be as much of a success as those of the Eastern Asian countries proved to be as one Japanese Zen master recently stated, The first hundred years are the hardest. This statement seems to be true so far, with modern Zens popularity growing and subsiding. There is an old Zen adage that offers some of the new Zen teachers encouragement Thou gh the bamboo forest is dense, body of water flows through it freely. Many people believe that the water is beginning to make its way through the forest, opening peoples eyes and hearts to the humankind of Zen.Japan and China have always remained very similar in most everything that is done within the countries. Borrowing from each other, the two countries have divided quite a lot in common. So it comes as no surprise to learn that Chan and Zen Buddhism are very similar. While many people were not sure if these two factions of Buddhism would remain strong in both countries, followers of the two religions have proved the skeptics wrong.