Wednesday, August 14, 2019
Consider the role and status of victims Essay
Consider the role and status of victims In the criminal Justice system There can be more than one way to define a victim, In one instance ItÃ¢â¬â¢s believed that a victim is someone that has been harmed physically, emotionally and/or economically harmed by incriminating actions perpetrated by another being. (Carmen 2010) It can be argued that the family of the offender is in fact a victim too. In the sense that family and friends may experience the lost of a family member or a friend. F they were to become Incarcerated as a result of their actions. They may also have to deal tit news reports if the offense makes the media and the Ã¢â¬ËshameÃ¢â¬â¢ that comes with having a family member or friend in prison and televised. The victimÃ¢â¬â¢s family/friends also have to deal with a lost, in crimes such as murder, or a crime that incorporates drastic change that can revolutionist the life of these individuals. Organizations/ companies can also be tricked and schemed, potentially tur ning them into victims. Rimes such as fraud and Illegal downloading are In fact crimes too. It can be said that all these people employed within the business and the business Itself is In n fact victims too. This essay will consider both the role and status of victims within the criminal Justice system describing the concept of the part a victim plays within a criminal proceeding and also touching upon the likeliness of one to become a victim and reasons for this. When considering the status of a victim some are more fitting of the Victim statusÃ¢â¬â¢ than others. So who are these likely victims? Is there a particular group of people or an individual that is deemed more likely to become a victim than any other person? ItÃ¢â¬â¢s arguable to say that, the place where someone lives, their race, age, sexuality and/ r gender are in fact factors that may increase ones chances of becoming a victim of crime. Briggs 2009) This hypothesis supports the perspective that oneÃ¢â¬â¢s chance of becoming a victim is in fact unevenly spread across society (Davies 2010) For example Davies (2009), expresses how the difference In age Is relevant to volitionally Innocent children and the elderly being perceived as particularly vulnerable (Davies 2009 IPPP) The youngster hold habit of hanging on the streets, Increasing the chances of them becoming a victim of street crime such as robbery, assault and theft. While the elderly are subjected to stay indoors due such factors as Ill health, incapability to get around and bad weather conditions. These factors all help to increase the likeliness of them becoming a victim of a household crime. (Davies 2010). Carbine tall (Bibb expresses the typical offender to be maleÃ¢â¬â¢. (Carbine tall 2009. Up. 186) and found that those that tend to live in the run-down inner city- and areas of council accommodationÃ¢â¬ were in fact more likely to commit crime. Seeing these Individuals as Unalterable to crime problem occurring. Ã¢â¬Ë (Carbine tall 2009 Up. 6) Nils Christie (1986) a Norwegian criminologist cited In Newman (2007) proposed that the Ã¢â¬Ëideal victimÃ¢â¬â¢ is in fact a weak individual in relation to the offender, illustrated that the victim became a victim through acting morally or going about their everyday routine, in that aspect ChristieÃ¢â¬â¢ theory demonstrates a general care for the victim calling them Ã¢â¬ËblamelessÃ¢â¬â ¢ for what has happened. (Newman 2007 Up. 342-343) Ones race and being an ethnic minorities is seen as a factor that influences the likeliness of becoming a victim as afro-Caribbean and Asians are more at risk of experience a house-hold offense or a personal offense than whites. Some of the offenses that take place against these groups of ethnic minorities may be racially motivated or explained by socio-economic. (Phillips and Bowling 2002) In the sense that oneÃ¢â¬â¢s socio- economic status is based on their family income, prenatal education level, prenatal occupation, and social status in the community they live in. The concept of the word Ã¢â¬ËroleÃ¢â¬â¢ is to consider a personÃ¢â¬â¢s part played in a particular situation. So in the aspect of a victim within the criminal Justice system the role of a cacti lays heavily on reporting the crime and/or providing evidence. These areas hold such significance in helping to solve a case as a victim reporting a crime brings it to the police attention and the evidence shared is more likely to advocate a conviction, as the victim is seen as a witness. This help to decrease the police following up relentless and skeptical leads, and cause the possibly prevention of a conviction. (Carbine teal 2009) In the aspect of the role of victims in the criminal justice system, itÃ¢â¬â¢s evident that there is room for improvement. Saved Khan, Chief Executive of victim support agrees that more needs to be done. Criminal Justice agencies need to do more to meet the needs of victims and witnesses. Ã¢â¬ all too often when they come into contact with the system they are dissatisfied and lose confidence. Ã¢â¬ (vivisectionist. Com, 2011) When reporting a crime the role of the victim is to tell the story of the incident that has taken place, itÃ¢â¬â¢s the police decision whether to take actions further and go through the correct processes, of gaining Justice for this victim. With the victim, the sorority of the time there is an inevitable case to be brought forward, however theirs times when the evidence that has been given is taken out of the victims hands and preceded by the officer in charge. This can happen a lot in Domestic violence incidents when the compliant after giving a statement wants to withdraw their statement however itÃ¢â¬â¢s too late and the case is set in motion. Using the example of domestic violence another role of the victim would be to attend court, and give evidence to the members of the court such as the Judge Jury (in a trial) prosecutors ND defense. This is the time the victim can ask how the offense has affected them, and the ideal punishment they believe is deserved. In regards to the roles and status of victims in the criminal Justice system, it all subsides to refinancing the criminal Justice system. So that victims are in fact victims are more deemed as VictimsÃ¢â¬â¢ rather than evidence. This causes controversial, arguments of victim statements and victim statement of opinion being produced in courts, implying the victim in fact has the right to put across the damage the crime as imposed upon them and their family and suggesting the sentence that I to be handed out. However if the offense was so horrifying why do they live to ret-tell the to allow the victim to feel safe, protected and sympathized with. According to The Victims of Crime Act 1994, victims are to be dealt with sympathetically, constructively and in a reassuring manner, and with due regards to that persons individual situation, rights and dignityÃ¢â¬â¢ (victim information 2007 Up. L). In some serious cases public protections is given to victims after the incident and or while the criminal case s open. Implementations of counseling, advice and guidance are given when dealing with victims to help the person come to terms with the previous incident, and there rights within the criminal Justice system as a victim. Such services are better known as the VS. -the victimÃ¢â¬â¢s service scheme and the JAG Ã¢â¬â the Justice advocacy unit. (Victim information 2007 Up. 4) In conclusion are victims used to purely gain Justice, or to help punish, those non law abiding citizens? More implementations should be put into place to ensure the cities of crime are in fact treated and portrayed as victims, and not deemed to be vital evidence in a criminal case then neglected once the case is closed. Forgotten playersÃ¢â¬ (Davies 2010, Up 69) or used to facilitate Justice or a criminal conviction, as the criminal Justice system was created to protect the public from those that defy the law. (Davies 2010) the situation has somewhat changed but victims are still feeling let donÃ¢â¬â¢t by the system and the treatment and lack of support they are given within and after the process of their situation.